Socio-Economic Problems
of the Modern Period of Ukraine

Collection SEPSPU -- sep2018.03.003

Repository of Institute of Regional Research Repository of Vernadsky Library UDC 339.565+339.562(477); JEL
Ishchuk, S. (2018). Diahnostyka strukturnykh zmin u tovarnomu eksporti rehioniv Ukrayiny [Diagnostics of structural changes in commodity exports of regions of Ukraine]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 131 (3) (pp. 3-9). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
Sources: 4


Ishchuk Svitlana Oleksiyivna

Doctor of Economics, Professor

Head of the Department of problems of the real sector of regions' economy of the Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research of NAS of Ukraine

Contacts:, (032)270-7093, (066)212-3829



In the article given the structural heterogeneity of the formation of domestic commodity exports in a regional context, research in this direction is relevant. The results of relevant analytical assessments will create an information base for the development of regional export strategies. The purpose of the article is to determine the main trends of commodity export development in the Ukraine regions on the basis of evaluation of its dynamics and structure. Since 2016, export activity has been restored in Ukraine. In 2017, the growth rates of commodity exports were negative only in two regions – Luhansk and Kirovograd. The basis of commodity exports of Ukraine (43.35%) is formed by three regions – Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk and Zaporizhya. These regions exported 93.57% of the metallurgy products (product group ХV), which predominates in domestic commodity exports with a share of 29.25%. Dnipropetrovs’k region is also a leader in the volume of exports of mining industry products with a share of 52.07%. The sign of the deterioration of the structure of Ukrainian commodity exports (according to the criterion of technological capacity) is a significant increase in its low-tech products, in particular agriculture and food industry (I-IV commodity groups), almost in twice, and woodworking (IX-X groups) and textile (XI group) of productions – more than in 1.5 times. At the same time, the share of high- and medium-tech products decreased significantly: chemical production (VІ group) – almost in twice, the transport industries (ХVІІ group) – in 5.8 times. The decline in technological capacity and the level of diversification of the structure of commodity exports in the direction of strengthening its raw material orientation creates serious threats to the country’s socio-economic development in the worsening of the world situation on commodities. To eliminate these and other threats, it is proposed to: diversify the commodity structure of domestic exports by increasing the number of commodity groups in it (in particular, the products of high and medium technological production); balancing the structure of commodity exports in the context of Ukraine’s trading partners; directing the policy of import substitution to strengthen the orientation of certain categories of industrial production to meet the needs of the domestic market; the introduction of selective subsidization, tax incentives and information and consultation support of domestic commodity producers, especially innovation.


commodity export, growth rates, structure, commodity group, products of industry, products of agriculture


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