Socio-Economic Problems
of the Modern Period of Ukraine

Malyshivskyi Taras Volodymyrovych

Malyshivskyi Taras Volodymyrovych

Postgraduate of the Department of management and business administration of the Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University




Stefinin Volodymyr Volodymyrovych


UDC 330.142.2:330.35(477); JEL O11
Malyshivskyi, T., & Stefinin, V. (2020). Zaluchennya inozemnoho kapitalu yak chynnyk zabezpechennya ekonomichnoho zrostannya krayiny [Attracting foreign capital as a factor in ensuring the country's economic growth]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 145 (5) (pp. 34-41). DOI: [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 17

The article examines the relationship between attracting foreign capital in the form of foreign direct investment and ensuring economic development. In particular, the analysis of the current structure of the economy is indicated, its raw material character is pointed out and, based on other researches, the necessity of its reform is substantiated, as Ukraine will remain a low-income country if the current trend continues. This is due to the fact that countries with a raw material structure of the economy are characterized by a low level of economic complexity, and therefore are not able to generate high levels of income in society. As a result, the expediency of stimulating the attraction of investment resources into the country’s economy, in particular in the form of foreign direct investment, is substantiated. The dynamics of attracting foreign direct investment to Ukraine and a number of other countries for the period from 1991 to 2019 is analyzed and the key negative factors that deter foreign investors from investing in the economy of Ukraine are indicated. As a result of the analysis, divergent trends in the economic development of Ukraine and other analyzed countries (Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Turkey, Romania, Hungary) were identified, which contributed to economic stagnation and restrained economic growth and development. Taking into account the analysis, as well as based on the concept of investment and innovation growth, it is proposed to use the experience of Israel to improve the country’s investment attractiveness and stimulate foreign capital inflows by adapting the Yozma program to Ukrainian realities. According to our estimates, the adaptation of this program to the Ukrainian economy will attract about $ 350 million over a five-year period of venture capital alone. In addition, programs such as YOSMA can also be implemented at the regional or even local level. We believe that the use of this tool will improve the investment attractiveness of the country, as well as provide sufficient financial resources to modernize the domestic economy and ensure rapid economic growth. 
economic development, economic development management, foreign direct investment, investment attractiveness, Yozma program, decentralization 

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