Socio-Economic Problems
of the Modern Period of Ukraine

Soc-Econ-Problems_MPU -- Year 2018, Vol 5(133)

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Economics and National Economy Management

UDC 330.34.014-026.23:316.42; JEL O14, I31
Davymuka, S. A., & Fedulova, L. I. (2018). Sotsial'nyy imperatyv novoyi promyslovoyi revolyutsiyi [Social imperative of new industrial revolution]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 3-13). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 29

The paper outlines the role and place of an individual in the development of post-industrial society. The peculiarities of forming of new type of relations with technosphere, stipulated by socialization of technologies and introduction of results of fourth industrial revolution (4.0 Industry) are defined. The author analyzes and systematizes possible consequences of its both positive and negative impact on an individual. In particular, the latest industrial revolution influences the ethics, aesthetics and other components of human personality. The undefined or simultaneously positive and negative effect includes cultural changes, the loss of human communication, improvement of performance, and the fact that the extended cognitive human capacities lead to new types of behaviour. The paper emphasizes that socialization of modern technological development requires the forming of new models of human behaviour and relevant competences necessary for labour market. Educational organizations have an especially important role in this process, because they have to provide the graduates of professional schools and universities ready to enter the labour market with practical instruments, which include the skills in the sphere of digital economy (digital competences). The recommendations on forming of relevant strategies of development of Ukrainian society are estimated with regard to their ability to withstand the challenges of new industrial revolution, to use favourable conditions for socio-economic growth and to prevent risks in the future. The role of governing bodies of various management levels in the development of digitalization policy and prognosis of the risks of advance technologies’ influence on social environment is essential. The results of industrial revolution that is swiftly expanding globally are an argument that economic and social sciences should develop integration theory, the provisions of which should not only explain the nature of technological imperative, but also be used for the protection of human social interests. They should provide scientifically grounded answers to the challenges and predict social changes both at the level of certain countries and international community in general. 
fourth industrial revolution, society, individual, social development, socialization, technologies 

UDC 338:331.5+314+316; JEL H83, L51, R11
Vasyltsiv, T. H., & Lupak, R. L. (2018). Stratehichni priorytety konverhentsiyi sotsial'noyi bezpeky Ukrayiny ta YeS [Strategic priorities of convergence of social security of Ukraine and the EU]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 14-19). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 8

The paper outlines the trends in the development of the social sphere and the provision of social security in Ukraine. The authors prove that the integration of the national economy and the European economy takes place rather slowly, European principles and standards cannot be adapted by economic entities, and social institutions are unprepared and not able to fully stimulate the intellectual development of society. The main threats to the functioning of the social sphere and the formation of the social security system in Ukraine are identified. The key threat is the low competitiveness of the economy, the absence of positive qualitative structural changes and institutional reforms, the problem of import substitution and the development of the real sector and private entrepreneurship. The problematic aspects of convergence of social security of Ukraine and the EU are outlined. Further complication of the socio-economic development of Ukraine is expected as a result of political-economic and military instability. The strategic priorities, tools and means of the state policy of convergence of the social security system of Ukraine and the EU are grounded. The state policy of convergence implemented by the following groups of instruments is considered to be the most effective: regulatory (introduction of the principles of corporate social responsibility and business practices in the system of social and labor relations, ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Elimination of Violence, the introduction of European standards for the dissemination of data under development and implementation of budget programs of social orientation, approval of program documents ensuring gender equality of human rights and freedoms); European integration and cooperation (establishment of cooperation with the EU on the organization of prevention and control of communicable diseases, strengthening cooperation with European voluntary organizations in the field of youth policy and informal education for youth, realization of the Road Map of joint actions within the framework of the Association Agreement on overcoming «zones of social injustice» in the field of cancer, development of cooperation in the framework of forums, creation of exhibition platforms of social dialogue); institutional organization (creation of a specialized vertical integration network of advisory committees in the field of social security, creation of the Bank covering risks in the field of social security, implementation of agreements with EU countries within the framework of regulation of labor migration and development of social partnership, introduction of monitoring and strengthening of control in the functional and structural spheres of social security). 
social security, social sphere, social development, convergence, Ukraine, EU, strateg 

UDC 311.21:[338.4:339.562]-042.75; JEL F14, L60
Sozanskyy, L. Y. (2018). Otsinka zalezhnosti ekonomiky Ukrayiny vid importu promyslovoyi produktsiyi kintsevoho spozhyvannya [Assessment of the the ukrainian economy’s dependence on the import of finished industrial products]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 20-24). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 6

Given the fact that the products of the processing industry dominate in the structure of import of Ukrainian goods and services, it becomes necessary to study the dependence of the Ukrainian economy on this type of industrial production. To this end, an assessment of the dependence of the Ukrainian economy on imports of intermediate products of manufacturing industries was made. The data of the tables «input-output» is the information base for such an assessment. According to the results of the calculations, a high level (> 45%) of the dependence of the Ukrainian consumer market on imports of industrial goods was revealed. In 2016, over 70% of final consumption of products of 9 out of 16 manufacturing industries in Ukraine was secured by imports. The highest import dependence in final consumption was peculiar to the goods of high- and medium technology intensive industries (81.08% and 73.62% respectively), and more than 90% of need for consumer goods of two production sectors (computers and vehicles) belonging to these groups, was secured by import. In addition, the import dependence on end-use goods and some middle-and low-tech industries (production of rubber and plastic products, textile production, clothing, leather and other materials, furniture production, and other products) was critically high (> 80%). Thus, the promising directions of import substitution in Ukraine are related primarily to the mentioned production and are analytically grounded. According to the results of the comparison of the structure of final consumption of domestic and imported products in the processing industry, the paper determines the availability of significant reserves for Ukrainian commodity producers in the direction of expanding their assortment, and thus filling new niches in the domestic market. This concerns, first of all, the production of machinery and equipment, other vehicles, computers, electronic and optical products, as well as chemical production. The author verifies the hypothesis that for the implementation of import substitution in the Ukrainian economy, it is necessary to carry out detailed calculations of the capacity of the target market segments (both internal and external), the volume of investments necessary for the organization of the corresponding production, their profitability and the payback period, as well as the number of newly created jobs for each of the identified directions. 
dependence on imports, import substitution, final consumption, industrial production, processing industry 

UDC 339.17:330.342.146(477); JEL G30, R11
Melnyk, M. I., & Synuyra-Rostun, N. R. (2018). Sotsial'no-ekonomichna rol' korporatyvnykh torhovykh merezh u konteksti modernizatsiyi sfery tovarnoho obihu Ukrayiny [Socio-economic role of corporate trade networks in the context of goods turnover modernization in Ukraine]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 25-32). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 25

The social and economic role of corporate trading networks in the context of modernization of the sphere of commodity circulation in Ukraine is determined. The network form of trade organization is defined to be an effective way of forming the competitive advantages of modern enterprises. It is noted that trade networks contribute to the balancing of production and consumption, the formation of gross value added, the growth of employment, the raising of the educational and qualification level of employees. Three main groups of factors influencing the formation and development of corporate trading networks are considered, in particular the economic, demographic, and urban development. The main tendencies of development of large corporate trading networks at the territory of Ukraine are proven to correspond to world tendencies. The largest trade networks of Ukraine by the share of retail trade turnover of trading enterprises, the number of retail objects of the network and the volume of sales per square meter of trading space are determined. The influence of corporate trading networks on the socio-economic development of the region is described, i.e. the stimulation of economic, social and creative components of the economy. The paper emphasizes that the territories of large cities are particularly attractive for the expansion of corporate trading networks. The activities of corporate trading networks stimulate the development of urban planning and spatial planning of cities and suburban areas. The author shows that the search for quality trade areas stimulates the construction of new trade and shopping-entertainment centers. In recent years, the shopping centers have expanded their functions, contributing to the development of the socio-economic environment of the region. The main directions of such expansion are: ensuring accessibility – improving the quality of the process of buying goods for the prices familiar to a customer in the format of «three in one»; development of trade, road, logistics infrastructure of the region; сreating wide access for consumers to diverse groups of goods and services through an extensive network of trading enterprises; the cultivation of the territory of cities and their peripheries – the transformation of shopping centers into multifunctional community centers that are integrated into the lives of local residents and provide an extended offer of food and beverage, entertainment and household services); increasing the attractiveness of the city’s districts for living. The author reveals the main tendencies of development of large corporate networks, which indicate: a certain stabilization of the economic situation in Ukraine; a qualitative state of the business climate that determines the emergence of large international retailers on the Ukrainian market; planning own development taking into account economic opportunities of the population (development of «private label» and local retail networks), etc. The geographical localization of objects of corporate trading networks is described. There is a certain saturation of trade objects of the eastern region of the country, which reduces the potential for attracting additional investments. At the same time, the level of supply of retail space in the cities of Western Ukraine remains low, which gives them a potential for growth. 
corporate trade networks, trade, social and economic role, shopping and entertainment centers, infrastructure, sphere of commodity circulation 

UDC 332.1:658; JEL D20, R13
Lyakhovska, O. V. (2018). Otsinka pokaznykiv diyal'nosti khimichnykh pidpryyemstv Zakhidnoho rehionu Ukrayiny [Estimation of activity indicators of chemical enterprises in the Western region of Ukraine]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 33-36). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 13

The general description of the chemical industry enterprises in the Western region is given. The paper reveals that the main part of the chemical industry enterprises of the region accounts for the enterprises producing basic chemical products, fertilizers and nitrogen compounds, plastics and synthetic rubber in primary forms (40%). The largest chemical enterprises are: LLC «Karpatnaftokhim» – the only Ukrainian producer of ethylene, propylene, benzene, C9 fractions, polyethylene, as well as caustic soda and suspension polyvinyl chloride; PJSC «Rivneazot» is one of the largest producers of mineral fertilizers and adipic acid in Ukraine. Their share in the volume of sold chemicals and chemical products in the region is about 87%. A general description of the activity of these enterprises is given. The activity of the chemical industry enterprises of the developing region is described: LLC «KarpatSmoly» is one of the largest manufacturers of low-toxic resins in Ukraine (U-type carbamide-formaldehyde resins of types E-1, ? E-1 and E-0 and melamine resins UMF, MUF, MF); Polikom Ltd. – is engaged in the development of compositions based on PVC, the production of commercial PVC-plastisols and decorative granulates for the production of wallpaper, linoleum, artificial leather, LLC Polikem – produces plasticizers of five types (dioctyl phthalate, dioctyladipinate, diisodecyladipinate, dibutylmalainate, dizononyl phthalate); Zhivitsa Plus Ltd – specializes in the production of low-toxic aminometallergic resins; PJSC «Lviv Chemical Plant» is the only producer of technical gases in the Western Ukraine. The basic problems of the development of chemical industry enterprises in the Western region are revealed, in particular: environmental problems, the need to promote the development of raw materials, the organization of new industries and others. In order to provide more efficient work of chemical industry enterprises, it is proposed to gradually modernize equipment, introduce innovative technological processes, and apply more energy-saving methods of production. The fact that these measures will contribute to satisfying market demand, expanding the range of products and increasing the competitiveness of enterprises on the world market of chemical products is emphasized. 
chemical industry, chemical industry enterprises, chemical production, volume of chemicals sold and chemical products 

UDC 332.1:66; JEL М11
Koval, L. P. (2018). Klasteryzatsiya rehioniv Ukrayiny za potentsialom rozvytku khimichnoyi promyslovosti [Clustering of Ukrainian regions by the capacity of chemical industry development]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 37-43). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 8

The purpose of the article is to determine the chemical industry regional peculiarities, to identify the main trends and the prior promoting directions of chemical production development regional policy. A cluster analysis of the regions has been carried out basing on the chemical industry development potential. According to the cluster analysis results the regions have been divided into three clusters: a cluster with a high level of chemical industry development, a cluster with potential for the chemical industry development, a cluster with a low level of chemical industry development. The trends of chemical industry regional development in the temporal aspect are established. The changes in the chemical industry regional structure during 2012-2017 are researched. The chemical industry regional development in-depth analysis is performed by comparing the cluster analysis results with the chemical production centers location features. According to the results of the study three categories of regions are defined: areas with stable development, which use existing potential; areas that do not use potential enough; low-promising regions with a weak raw material base and low economic potential. Particular attention is paid to the regions of the second group; the regions’ strengths, which are formed predominantly due to the raw material base, as well as the main economic, environmental and political reasons for weakening the positions of «unstable» areas are determined. The grouping made it possible to identify prior directions of assistance to the chemical industry regional development in Ukraine. Using of existing competitive advantages (supply with own raw materials, dominant positions in the domestic market, availability of production capacities) is established as a prerequisite for the chemical industry development for the regions of the 1st and 2nd groups. At the same time, further successful development of these areas looks possible only via providing innovation and investment activity at both the local and national levels through the formation of a favorable legal and economic climate, creation of the scientific and technical infrastructure and provision of the tax, financial and other preferences. 
chemical industry, potential of chemical industry regional development, cluster analysis 

UDC 338.43:332.1; JEL F14, L66, Q18
Fera-Klemontsa, O. Yu. (2018). Zarubizhnyy dosvid rehulyuvannya prodovol'choho zabezpechennya [Foreign experience of food provision regulation]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 44-53). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 34

Foreign experience shows that nowadays almost each country has the state regulation of the system of food provision. Relevant measures on state regulation of agricultural production are needed for normal functioning of food provision, in particular forming of the policy of agrarian development that is also the part of food security of a country. Most European Union (EU) Member States, USA and other countries have such policies. However, Ukraine still lacks the systemic strategy of socio-economic policy by all main points and directions of food provision, which displays the goals and priorities of the country in this sphere. The paper aims to analyze foreign experience of legal regulation of population’s food provision and to define major priorities for Ukraine. The paper analyzes legal basis of regulation of food provision abroad and defines main priorities for Ukraine. The functions of food provision regulation and the system of measure for its realization are outlined. The paper proves that securing the relevant level of prices and price balance play the major role in the whole system of state regulation of food provision in the examined foreign countries. The mechanism of tariff quotes of European Union for Ukrainian producers of food is analyzed. Main problems and advantages of such cooperation are determined. The ways to use foreign experience for regulation of food provision system in domestic practice are suggested. The authors prove that it is not reasonable to orient Ukrainian agrarian policy or food provision policy completely on EU Common Agricultural Policy or US agrarian policy. Under modern economic and political conditions, it is important to take into account global tendencies and to verify national interest with real economic opportunities as far as the crucial difference of economic environment of EU Member States, USA and Ukraine is the reason for different policies of support. 
agricultural policy, European Union, foreign experience, legal regulation, food provision, agriculture 

Territorial Development and Regional Economics

UDC 332:332.021; JEL R58
Shults, S. L., Dzhaman, M. O., & Lutskiv, O. M. (2018). Innovatsiyni pidkhody do realizatsiyi derzhavnoyi rehional'noyi polityky [Innovative approaches to the implementation of state regional policy]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 54-58). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 6

Modern condition of Ukrainian regions’ socio-economic development is characterized by strengthening of territorial disproportions and the pending complex of unsolved problems in terms of territories’ development. This is mostly caused by the problems in regional management, including the insufficient legislative maintenance; lack of consistency and comprehensiveness in development and implementation of state regional policy in general as well as inefficiency and non-fulfillment of regional development strategies and programs. There are another issues, like low level of community involvement in local development; insufficient financial resources in local budgets to solve the priority questions of territorial development; strong dependence on public subsidies and therefore unpreparedness and reluctance of the representatives of local governments to search for additional funding sources for territorial development. Overcoming the situation requires the search for and introduction of innovative approaches to implementation of state regional policy to boost territories’ economic growth, reduce interregional differences, provide high living standards and improve competitive ability of Ukrainian regions in general. The paper aims to research the innovative instruments of implementation of state regional policy. Various methodological approaches to the nature of state regional policy are outlined. The authors emphasize the fact that in the course of development and implementation of state regional policy in Ukraine there isn’t a single view of the ways, mechanisms and instruments to align three interrelated and interdependent components of regional development complex dimension – sectoral, territorial-spatial and managemental. The risks that accompany the implementation of state regional policy in current conditions are outlined. Some instruments of state regional policy implementation in Ukraine and EU Member States are analyzed. Active and passive regional policies are emphasized depending on available instruments. Given the leverages of the impact of passive and active regional policy, its basic determinants are defined. Modern instruments of state regional policy are outlined by the directions of management impact and the measures of regional policy. The directions of regional policy and its implementation mechanisms improvement are suggested. 
regional development, state regional policy, regional management, innovative approaches, implementation instruments 

UDC 338.24:352(477.87); JEL R51, R58
Miklovda, V. P., Pityulych, M. I., & Sember, S. V. (2018). Teoretychni pidkhody do formuvannya mekhanizmu ekonomichnoyi koordynatsiyi diyal'nosti ob’yednanykh terytorial'nykh hromad [Theoretical approaches to the formation of the mechanism of economic coordination of the united territorial communities’ activity]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 59-63). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 3

Currently the major task of administartive and territorial reform in Ukraine is the decentralization of the system of public authorities, which aims to ensure that the united territorial communities (UTC) have both their own and delegated capacities that allow them to solve major local developmetn problems. The abovementioned boosts the scientists’ interest in the research of the UTCs’ living activity processes, which are mostly oriented at improvement of legislative provision of local governance, development of the network of social and cultural infrastructure, forming of favourable business environment and involvement in active entrepreneurship activity. At the same time, such an important problem as coordination of economic activity between territorial communities in conditions of their mutual interdependence hasn’t been examined properly. This strengthens the scientific community’s attention to forming of efficient mechanisms of economic coordination between territorial communities as an important instrument of alignment of their common interests with the view of efficient use of their development capacity. The paper aims to outline conceptual approaches to forming of the mechanism of economic coordination between territorial communities. The approaches to the formation of the mechanism of economic coordination of the united territorial communities’ activity are proposed. The need for the formation of the mechanism for coordination the economic activity of the united territorial communities stems from the fact that local and regional processes are interconnected and interrelated; they are correlated as a part and whole, which is a condition for ensuring the integrity and integration of the regional economy. Based on the analysis of world experience, it is substantiated that strengthening the economic coordination of communities’ economic activity is one of the effective tools for solving the problem of their interdependence, which allows to align their interests and to mobilize the available resource potential for solving key problems of their life. Considerable attention is paid to the substantiation of the factors that determine the need for inter-territorial economic coordination of geographically close and cooperating united territorial communities in the sphere of economic activity, implementation of social policy, rational environmental management. The authors reveal the principles, forms and methods of economic coordination, which allow promotion of the development of inter-territorial cooperation, formation of partnerships, creation of various integration formations, clusters, etc on the basis of partnership. 
united territorial communities, coordination, mechanism, interaction, interests, development 

UDC 336.143:338.24.021.8:339.92(477+4-672ЄС); JEL М40, E23, Q18, R58
Karpyak, M. O. (2018). Mekhanizm sektoral'noyi byudzhetnoyi pidtrymky YeS u sferi rehional'noyi polityky: dosvid realizatsiyi v Ukrayini [EU sectoral budgetary support mechanism in regional policy: experience of realization in Ukraine]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 64-69). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 3

The article analyzes the domestic experience of implementation of the EU sectoral budget support mechanism in the field of regional policy. In particular, the main directions of the implementation of this mechanism in accordance with the Government approved Regional Development Programs were determined, the legal and regulatory framework for the implementation of sectoral budget support programs in Ukraine was analyzed, the region’s activity in the preparation and submission of projects for the competition under the Sectoral Budget Support Programs in 2017 was analyzed. The main focus is on assessing the structure of projects in terms of quantity, volume of funding and areas of sectoral budget support in 2017 on the basis of Lviv region, since it is the leader in the number of projects submitted and won among all regions of Ukraine. The main problems of implementation of the mechanism, which need improvement, are revealed, with the purpose of greater adaptation and wider possibilities of application for Ukraine. In November 2014, an agreement was signed between the Government of Ukraine and the European Union represented by the European Commission to provide assistance to our country in the form of sectoral budget support for the implementation of the state regional policy, in particular, to support the implementation of the State Strategy for Regional Development. An agreement with the EU to provide Ukraine with financial assistance in the form of sectoral budget support was made possible due to the fact that in August 2014 the Government approved the State Strategy for Regional Development for the period till 2020. In order to ensure the implementation of the State Strategy for Regional Development 2020 in accordance with the project and programming approaches and methods and practices of the EU, the Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services has formed seven Regional Development Programs approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (in accordance with the Action Plan for 2015-2017 on implementation DDR 2020). These Programs have an investment and development orientation. The activities identified in each Program correspond to the operational objectives and specific tasks or set of tasks of the State Strategy for Regional Development 2020, expected results and performance indicators of regional development projects that can be financed by the Program through EU sectoral budget support. 
sectoral budgetary support, mechanism, EU financial assistance, cooperation, state regional policy 

UDC [352:330.342.146:001.891.7]; JEL R58
Kushniretska, O. V. (2018). Monitorynh sotsial'no-ekonomichnoho rozvytku OTH: orhanizatsiyno-metodychne zabezpechennya [Monitoring of socio-economic development of amalgamated territorial communities: organizational and methodological provision]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 70-75). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 7

As a result of administrative-territorial reform and processes of financial decentralization, the natural process of creating of amalgamated territorial communities (ATCs) became a regular one. The communities, based on the development of their own strategic and program documents, identified the main directions of their development, outlined the tasks and prospects for achieving of the highest quality of life of citizens in their own territories. However, in order to assess the success of the tasks set for the implementation of the strategy for the development of ATCs, it is necessary to monitor the socioeconomic development of communities. Monitoring is a qualitative instrument for managing the development of the territory. The article deals with the organizational and legal mechanism of forming a system of strategic and planning documents for the socio-economic development of amalgamated territorial communities (ATCs). In particular, the article examines the formation of a monitoring system as one of the key aspects of the organizational and economic mechanism for managing of socio-economic development of the community. It is established that in strategies and plans of development of different ATCs there is a considerable variation of indicators of socio-economic development. In this regard, it is impossible to monitor the comparative dynamics and to monitor and evaluate the socio-economic development of all ATCs on a nationwide scale. It is established that at present there is no complete method of monitoring and evaluating the socio-economic development of the amalgamated territorial communities. In this regard, in order to carry out a comparative analysis and assessment of the socio-economic development of ATCs, we should use all possibilities of consolidation of statistics on ATCs. In particular, from the analytical parts of the Strategies (plans) of the ATCs development it can be concluded that there is a statistical data on the dynamics and features of socio-economic development of ATCs, including the state of the demographic and labor resources of the ATCs, the use of natural, resource, production, technical potential, development of small and medium enterprises, employment, satisfaction of population with goods and services, access of business entities to loans and investments, environmental situation of the ATCs. The obtained work can become the basis for developing a more complete system of indicators for monitoring the socio-economic development of ATCs in Ukraine. The article proposes, in the direction of developing of a system for monitoring the socio-economic development of the amalgamated territorial communities, to increase the use of indicators in the Monitoring: macroeconomic efficiency, indicators of inclusive economic development, indicators of dynamics of quantitative and qualitative composition of the population, etc. 
decentralization, amalgamated territorial community, monitoring, socio-economic development 

UDC 911.375.4:316; JEL O18, Q42, R58
Pin, A. M. (2018). Adaptatsiya «zelenykh» tekhnolohiy u kontseptsiyu rozumnoho mista [Incorporation of «green» technologies into the «smart» city concept]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 76-82). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 9

In view of social and climate changes in global dimensions the number of cities striving for reformatting their development strategies is noticeably growing. So-called smart reforms currently dominate among development strategies, since they encompass goals the smart city concept contains to the fullest. In particular, the reforms aim at providing and maintaining sustainable development, increasing the share of renewable resources in total energy output and improving waste management. Upgrading to the level of smart city means boosting quality of citizens’ life through providing opportunities for cultural, economic and social development in safe, inspiring and healthy environment. The analysis of the most efficient and creative initiatives to set the trend of «green» building in order to promote the smart city concept provides evidence for high efficiency of «green» technologies. Of particular importance to this research study is vertical gardening/greening. There is ample evidence supporting the claim that vertical gardening is among the inherent components of a development strategy aimed at reaching the smart city format. The smart city concept is the expected outcome of ever-increasing demand for efficient use of scarce resources. Scarcity features fixed capital. On these grounds, there is a pressing need to promote renewable technologies for decreasing cost of goods and services, and saving the ecosystem at large. Green technologies are among priorities underlying the smart city concept. High density of internal combustion engines in highly urbanized area significantly makes a case for exploring perspectives of green technologies. Promoting environment friendly innovations enables cost-effectiveness and enhancement of the quality of the ecosystem. The findings reflect a number of positive effects vertical greening has on quality of life and well-being. Among those advantages the most outstanding are economic and environmental ones. Vertical gardens enable to reduce energy consumption; meanwhile environmental effects include shrinkage in the emission of CO2 and the other pollutants contaminating the ecosystem. Based on the analysis of efficiency deriving from the implementation of the green gardening concept we have elaborated recommendations on how to ensure sustainable development of urbanized areas utilizing green and smart technologies. 
smart city, green technologies, smart city concept, vertical gardening concept, vertical greening 

UDC 339.924; JEL F20, R22, R30, R38
Shchehlyuk, S. D. (2018). Transnatsionalizatsiya dilovoyi aktyvnosti u velykykh mistakh Ukrayiny [Transnationalization of business activity in big cities of Ukraine]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 83-91). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 24

In the article modern tendencies of transnationalization of business activity in large cities of Ukraine are analyzed. The factors of its activation at this stage of development of the postindustrial society are determined. The modern tendencies of the development of the most powerful transnational corporations (TNCs) are determined on the basis of the review of the top 500 largest TNCs, the list of top 10 world-multinational corporations has been formed. Based on the review of components of the Transnationalization Index at the national, corporate and local levels, it was concluded that the methodological base and the low level of provision of statistical data for urban economic development are inadequate to calculate the Corporate Activity Index for large cities with TNK’s branches and headquarters. It has been established that the processes of transnationalization of the Ukrainian economy are developing asymmetrically: they are characterized by the penetration of foreign TNCs into the country, and the formation of domestic transnational companies is slow. The peculiarities of development of foreign affiliates in Ukraine by types of economic activity, place of localization, corporate social responsibility are revealed. The advantages and disadvantages of transnationalization of urban economies in the context of modernization of TNCs in Ukraine are estimated. The analysis of transnationalization of business activity of cities of Ukraine on the example of the cities of Kyiv, Vinnytsia, Lviv, and Kharkiv by indicators of foreign direct investment inflow, the localization of branches of foreign TNCs, and the availability of strategic goals for the enhancement of international cooperation in urban development strategies have been analyzed. An increase in foreign revenues has been set for the economy of cities during 2015-2018, but the offshore countries dominate in structure of FDI by countries of investment, which testifies to efforts to minimize taxation. The analysis of investment activity showed uneven distribution of volumes of investment flows between cities, areas of interest of TNCs and local priorities of investing in the urban economy. The author also reveals that with the same strategic planning of cities development regarding the importance of international cooperation, there are different models of attracting the attention of a private foreign investor and various local regulatory mechanisms (administrative, tax, marketing, personnel, etc.). Conclusions were made on the feasibility of developing TNC tax regulation tools at the local level to develop measures to defeat the investment climate. Proposals on the introduction of mechanisms for regulating the activities of foreign TNCs in the legal, economic, social spheres are developed. The possibilities of stimulating the creation of domestic international corporations and the possibilities of state regulation to minimize risks and achieve strategic goals of increasing the competitiveness of cities are revealed. The approaches to implementation of the instruments of regulation of the large cities’ economy transnationalization in Ukraine are proposed, the implementation of which should help improving the business environment, adapting the urban economy to the features of the global economy and increasing its investment attractiveness. 
transnationalization, globalization, glocalization, big cities, foreign direct investment, multinational corporation, state and international regulation 

UDC 334.722:338.244.47; JEL M13, R12, R58
Nazarkevych, O. B., & Korytska, O. I. (2018). Problemy formuvannya ta realizatsiyi pidpryyemnyts'koho potentsialu ob’yednanykh terytorial'nykh hromad [Problems of formation and implementation of entrepreneurial potential of united territorial communities]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 92-97). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 6

The determining factor in the ability of the united territorial communities to self-development is entrepreneurial activity. In the conditions of the reform of local self-government and territorial organization of the government, the business sector needs incentives for development. Today, the country, especially the countryside, loses its labor resources at a high pace. Achievement of welfare of the population and creation of powerful communities is impossible without the development of entrepreneurial activity, in particular youth. Entrepreneurship development will help increase local budgets, expand industrial and social infrastructure and reduce migratory flows of the able-bodied population. In the article investigated the role of entrepreneurial activity for the development of the unified territorial communities. Identified key problems and obstacles for the formation and development of entrepreneurship. The analyzed business potential of Lviv region and its influence on the creation of the unified territorial communities. It is established that in the areas with the lowest wages created the largest territorial communities. In order to determine the potential of entrepreneurial activity, community rankings on the density of population and regions of Lviv region by the share of young people, the profitability of enterprises and their financial result was carried out. The rapid decrease of enterprises in the Lviv region was revealed, which testifies to a number of problems of socio-economic and political character. Among the main causes is the under-utilization of the potential of the region’s development, the shortage of personnel due to proximity to the border and high labor migration of the population, the lack of tools for financial support for small businesses and the complexity of access to funds for its development, lack of information support entrepreneurs, complex procedures for connecting to electricity and obtaining permits, improper condition of transport infrastructure, lack of consolidated information on land and premises that can be used atm doing business. The considerable labour potential of the Lviv region for the development of youth entrepreneurship, in particular, in Yavoriv, Zolochiv and Zhovkva regions, was revealed. The smallest proportion of young people is observed in the mountainous regions of the region due to the highest level of migration of young people abroad and to large cities. The directions of formation and development of youth entrepreneurship in communities are offered. Among financial instruments for stimulating the development of united territorial communities, a significant proportion of infrastructure and social subventions is aimed at the development of entrepreneurship, in particular, youth. 
local self-government, decentralization, united territorial communities, youth entrepreneurship, labor potential, middle class 

Development of Rural Territories and Agrarian Sector of the Economy

UDC 332.012.2:338.43.02; JEL I31, O13, Q18
Kazmir, L. P., & Kazmir, P. H. (2018). Sotsioekonomichnyy pidkhid do modernizatsiyi systemy upravlinnya rozvytkom sil's'kykh terytoriy [Socioeconomic approach to the modernization of management system for rural areas development]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 98-104). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 29

During the years of profound institutional transformations of the post-socialist period in Ukraine, the problems of socio-economic development of rural areas have become significantly aggravated. In these conditions, the most urgent need is the modernization of the rural development management system and the transition to a rural-preserving model for the development of agrarian business. The paper emphasizes that such modernization requires a substantial deepening and expansion of its theoretical and methodological basis. In this context, the role of socioeconomics as an interdisciplinary scientific direction, which contributes to a better understanding of the economic and social aspects of rural development and their interrelations, has been noted. The essence, genesis, conceptual foundations and peculiarities of the practical implementation of the socioeconomic approach to modernization of the rural development management system in the conditions of decentralization of authority and the reform of local self-government are considered. It is noted that the approval of the socioeconomic approach in the management of rural development is fully consistent with the general trends of post-nonclassical development of science, one of the decisive features of which is the rapid growth of interest in the study of the interaction of complex systems of different nature and the processes of their self-organization. The following key directions of modernization of the rural development management system are provided in the paper: modernization of the management system for economic component of rural development; formation of an effective system of management of social (socio-demographic) processes that would be aimed at increasing the well-being of rural residents; system optimization of the management institutes and structures for solving a complex of administrative tasks at the state (national), regional and municipal levels. There is a special emphasis on the need to intensify the processes of self-organization of local communities through wider use of social innovations. 
rural areas, modernization of the management system, new pragmatism, village-preserving model of development, socioeconomic approach, decentralization, local self-government, social innovations 

UDC 338.436:330.342.146:332.1(477); JEL Q13, Q14, Q15, О13
Zhabynets, O. Y., & Yaremchuk, R. Ye. (2018). Vplyv ahrokholdynhovykh kompaniy na sotsial'no-ekonomichnyy rozvytok rehioniv Ukrayiny [Agricultural holdings’ influence on social and economic development of Ukrainian regions]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 105-109). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 4

Nowadays the scientists and experts in agricultural business continue discussions about the agricultural holdings’ influence on the development of the territory they operate at, agrarian sector and economy in general. Indeed, activity of agricultural holdings in Ukraine is characterized both by significant number of advantages and by certain peculiar threats, and is accompanied by the range of internal flaws of this integrated agricultural business form. From this viewpoint, it is important to conduct thorough analysis and evaluation of the impact of financial and economic activity of agricultural holdings, especially in the context of maintaining the social and economic development of certain regions. The paper aims to evaluate the impact of agricultural holdings on social and economic development of Ukrainian regions. In order to analyze the impact of financial and economic activity of agricultural holdings on social and economic development of Ukrainian regions the authors calculated the integral agriculture development index for each oblast and analyzed the dependence between the productivity of agricultural production of large agrarian enterprises and this rate. The integral estimation of agricultural production development in Ukrainian regions was carried out for 2016 through standardization of the values of selected indicators against the reference value (according to the chosen methodics, the higher the integral rate shows the higher level of agriculture development). Calculations show that the input of agricultural holdings in the development is the strongest in Vinnytska oblast, where 6 out of 20 largest agricultural holdings by the volume of land bank operate. The impact of agricultural holdings on social and economic development of Kyivska, Cherkaska, Dnipropetrovska, Poltavska and Lvivska oblasts is also essential. Despite the low productivity of agricultural production of large agricultural companies in the southern oblasts (in particular, Odeska and Mykolayivska), the integral agriculture rate is rather high there, which is explained by trade capacity of these oblasts. The following oblasts are the leaders by the volumes of agricultural production: Vinnytska, Poltavska, Kyivska, Harkivska, Dnipropetrovska and Cherkaska, which corresponds to the largest presence of agricultural holdings in these regions. Agricultural lands were the most efficiently used in Volynska, Cherkaska and Vinnytska oblasts. Calculations also show the depressiveness of Donetska and Luhanska oblasts in terms of development of large agricultural enterprises and their input in social and economic development of the regions due to long-lasting political and economic crisis. 
agricultural holdings, social and economic development of regions, land bank, productivity of agricultural production, integral agriculture development index 

Economics of Labor, Demography, Social Policy

UDC 364:355; JEL E24, H53
Semiv, L. K., & Klos, V. R. (2018). Sotsial'nyy zakhyst viys'kovosluzhbovtsiv: problemni pytannya v sotsiolohichniy otsintsi [Social protection of military personnel: problem issues in sociological estimation]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 110-116). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 9

The issues of not only securing the operational capability of Ukrainian Military Forces but also increasing importance of social and legal protection of military personnel and their family members has been in the focus of events in Ukraine lately (since 2014). The foundations of social protection of military personnel emphasize the establishment of guarantees that secure the realization of constitutional rights and freedoms, meeting the material and spiritual needs of military personnel in terms of the special type of their service, status in society and maintaining the social stability in military environment. The paper defines the peculiarities and problem issues of social protection of military personnel – participants of anti-terroristic operation (ATO) in conditions of aggravated military-political situation in the country. The level of meeting the ATO participants’ needs in subsidies and compensations stipulated by the Law of Ukraine «On the Status of War Veterans and Guarantees of Their Social Protection» is estimated. Problem issues of realization of state social protection guarantees for ATO participants in terms of medicine, rehabilitation, housing, education, labour, infrastructure and land property are outlined. The measures are suggested to reduce or eliminate the negative impact of social risks on military personnel, who have no other sources of receiving decent living conditions due to their service. The place and role of various social responsibility entities in military environment in the system of social protection of military personnel is shown. Social responsibility of the command staff of a military unit and military commissariats for granting the military personnel the status of the participant of military actions and the need to inform military personnel on free of charge professional medical assistance in military medical facilities is emphasized. Problem issues in realization of state guarantees of social protection of anti-terroristic operation participants in terms of housing and utilities policy (social programs) for military personnel on allocation of land plots are outlined. The paper proves that the issue of professional growth (additional education, re-qualification) testifies to the understanding of the latter component in labour capacity of working-age individuals, who the military personnel is as well. The suggested ways to reduce or eliminate negative impact of social risks on military personnel strengthen the role of various social responsibility entities in military environment. 
social protection, military personnel, АТО, state guarantees, social responsibility 

UDC 332:364.22(477); JEL I32, I38, R29
Teslyuk, R. T. (2018). Rehional'ni osoblyvosti poshyrennya bidnosti v Ukrayini [Regional peculiarities of poverty growth in Ukraine]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 117-121). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 14

Over the past few years, there has been a decline in real incomes, which has substantially increased the level of poverty in Ukraine and its regions. One of the main indicators of poverty is the share of people whose incomes are below the subsistence minimum. However, in terms of inflation, increase in the cost of housing and utility services, the size of the officially approved subsistence minimum has been growing at a significantly slower pace than the specified determinants of the living standard of the population. Therefore, for the purpose of an adequate poverty measuring, the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine has proposed another indicator, instead of the mentioned one, – the actual (estimated) subsistence minimum (ASM), calculated on the basis of actual market prices. It was found that Volyn, Rivne, Zhytomyr oblasts, as well as Khmelnytsky and Kherson oblasts have constantly high rates of poverty. These are the areas with a big share of rural population and low population density. Kiev, Donetsk and Mykolaiv oblasts joined them in 2017. The share of poor population has considerably decreased in the eastern and central regions of the country, namely in Poltava, Cherkassy and Kharkiv oblasts. The lowest levels of poverty have been observed in Ivano-Frankivsk, Poltava, Vinnytsia oblasts and in Kyiv city. Considering a high growth rate of food, non-food products and services costs used in calculating the actual subsistence level, it can be predicted that in 2019 the share of people whose income is less than ASM will not decrease. The role of social support of the population in the form of financial and in-kind assistance decreased. In general, in Ukraine, fewer citizens are accounted as those being in difficult living conditions and in need of such support, which is mostly provided in kind. Another indicator of poverty – the share of food costs – is slowly decreasing, but currently the average value of this indicator in the country is four times more than in the EU. In the regional context, the same Rivne, Volyn, Kyiv, Donetsk and Kherson oblasts stand out. At the same time, in Zaporizhia, Sumy, Chernivtsi, Poltava oblasts and in Kyiv city, the share of food costs in recent years has not exceeded 50%. The analysis of this indicator shows a weak impact of crisis phenomena on the structure of total household expenditures, which receive other types of income, mostly from various forms of informal employment. Increase in minimum social standards is a compulsory step towards poverty overcoming. The growth of the minimum wage is less than the growth of the actual subsistence minimum, which at the end of 2018 already exceeded the main social standard. However, comparison of the minimum wage growth rate with the actual subsistence level indicates that the planned social standards increase will only maintain the current level of poverty in Ukraine and its regions. 
poverty, region, subsistence minimum, minimum wage, financial and in-kind assistance, food costs 

UDC 332.122.6+323.11(1-32):373; JEL І29
Pityulych, M. M., & Sochka, K. A. (2018). Osoblyvosti funktsionuvannya zakladiv osvity u polietnichnykh rehionakh [Peculiarities of educational institutions functioning in polyethnic regions]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 122-127). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 10

Present processes of market relations evolution in Ukraine are closely linked to the increasing role of social infrastructure in creating favorable living conditions for the population. The level of provision of different types of social infrastructure services for people, in particular, in urban and rural settlements in Transcarpathia region as a polyethnic one, was studied. The dynamics of certain indicators of pre-school educational institutions in urban and rural settlements of the region was investigated. The authors reveal a tendency towards the simultaneous growth of the number of pre-school educational institutions and children there in recent years. The paper reveals a decrease in the number of general education institutions in the region comparing with an increase in the number of children studying there. The level of provision of the educational services for population, in particular, in the languages of children’s education (Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian and Hungarian) was researched. The situation with private form of education (including selected languages of national minorities) was studied. The fact that the level of regional social infrastructure is mainly regressive as well as that social infrastructure network is obsolete and does not meet the present needs of the population is emphasized. The dynamics of expenditures of the consolidated budget of Transcarpathia region was analyzed as well as the role of social expenditures (including expenditures on education) was determined. The absolute domination of expenditures on social sphere in the consolidated regional budget was recorded. The current rules of financing the education expenditures of local budgets by the educational subvention from the state budget was studied. Selected additional extra budgetary sources of financing educational expenditures, that are particularly important for polyethnic regions (like participation in cross-border cooperation projects, direct financial assistance of foreign governments to their national minorities) were explored. Some successful examples of cooperation between regional educational institutions of different types and foreign partners in the effective attraction of additional funding for financing their needs were studied. The level of population’s satisfaction (including by different ethnic minorities) with the services of educational institutions of different types was studied. The majority of respondents were dissatisfied with activities of educational institutions in their settlements. The gap between the social infrastructure level and the real needs of the population can have a negative impact and cause the negative attitude of the representatives of ethnic minorities of the region. 
education, educational institutions, region, national minorities, expenditures of local budgets, financing of educational institutions, transborder cooperation 

UDC 330:314.7:338.46:35.078(477); JEL J15, J18, J44, J62
Makhonyuk, O. V., & Mulska, O. P. (2018). Analiz diyal'nosti sub’yektiv rynku mihratsiynykh posluh v Ukrayini [Analysis of activities of the migration services market entities in Ukraine]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 128-133). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 15

The role and place of migration services market entities in the system of institutional environment of the migration regulation are defined. Activities of the main participants of this market (the State Migration Service, Centers of Administrative Services (CASs), the State Enterprise «Document», foreign embassies, consular offices and visa application offices) are analyzed. It is emphasized that basic tasks of the State Migration Service concern work with foreigners and stateless persons, who appealed for protection in Ukraine; registration of residence and documentary accompaniment for individuals; issuance of foreign passports of the citizen of Ukraine. The necessity of optimization of their resource provision and popularization of activities is grounded. The authors emphasize that one of the most substantial problems related to organization of the activities of CASs, as essential subjects of the market of migration services, are the absence of minimum acceptable criteria for equipping the facilities, staff imbalance, insufficient content of their web pages and often invalid online registration of citizens. The apper proves that quality and amount of provided services in every center depend on volitional decisions and financial resources of local councils, which have created them. The authors note that regional CASs have the widest spectrum of services and the highest level of service. They render administrative services on non-commercial principles. In the article, the authors revealed the growing dynamics of foreign passports issuance for the period of 2015-ІІІ q. – 2018 showing a distinct shift to the biometric documents since December 2016. The necessity of setting up new visa application offices with wide range of authorities on rendering visa services for the purpose of minimization of services in visa centers is emphasized. Visa center is considered as a non-state intermediary organization, which is an official representative of an embassy responsible for acceptance and processing of documents necessary for obtaining the visa. VFS Global is the operator of visa centers in Ukraine. On the basis of the research, the authors propose the formation of unified information search base for collecting clear, complete and reliable data on providing the full range of migration services. 
market of migration services, entities of the market of migration services, State Migration Service, embassies, CASs, institutional environment, migration services 

UDC [338.45:61]:369.22(477); JEL H51, Н53, I13
Bas-Yurchyshyn, M. A. (2018). Funktsionuvannya medychnoho strakhuvannya u zahal'noderzhavnomu i rehional'nomu vymirakh: problemy ta peredumovy rozvytku [Functioning of health insurance in the national and regional dimensions: problems and preconditions of development]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 134-140). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 10

The paper analyzes the health care sector functioning at the national level, in particular, the dynamics of the budget financing of the health care system of Ukraine for 2004-2017, the growth rates of total expenditures on health care by sources of income; estimates total expenses on health care per capita and in relation to the GDP of the state; analyzes the expenditures on health care in the regional dimension taking into account the level of provision of residents with medical care. This made it possible to assess the current state of financial provision of the sphere and the state’s ability to provide social guarantees to every citizen regarding health care. The trends and obstacles of the functioning of medical insurance in the national and regional dimensions are outlined in this article, namely: the dynamics of volumes and growth rates of gross and net insurance premiums and payments in the market of voluntary medical insurance of Ukraine are analyzed; indicators of the amount of insurance premiums received from individuals and legal entities are compared; the parameters of development of the market of medical insurance in Ukraine are determined; the assessment of the concentration of insurers on the volume of collected premiums for this type of insurance, as well as the presence of foreign capital and its impact on market development is conducted; the rating of regions of Ukraine according to the volumes of collected insurance premiums for voluntary medical insurance are determined. This allowed to identify the key problems and preconditions for the introduction and development of an obligatory health insurance system in the context of modern healthcare transformations. Analysis of programs of insurance companies, tax and regulatory regulation of health insurance in Ukraine shows the volatility of the market and the low level of readiness of the state to introduce obligatory health insurance. In contrast, there is a steady increase in the population covered by health insurance. This testifies to the readiness of the population to introduce insurance principles in the medical sphere. On the basis of the data, there is a significant differentiation in the financing of health care in different regions, and there is also a significant difference between urban and rural populations regarding the quality and efficiency of provision of medical services. The development of health insurance in a regional dimension is characterized by strong differentiation. The dynamics are growing, despite the fact that the share of insurance premiums from voluntary health insurance in the total amount of collected insurance premiums in the regions is still negligible. 
health care, voluntary health insurance, obligatory health insurance, gross insurance premiums, gross insurance indemnity, regions 

Financial Policy

UDC 336.71; JEL E58, G21
Ivashchuk, O. O., & Ivashchuk2 O. V. (2018). Antykryzovi mekhanizmy vidnovlennya stiykosti bankivs'koyi systemy v umovakh hlobal'noyi nestabil'nosti [Anti-crisis mechanisms of bank system sustainability restoration in conditions of global instability]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 141-146). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 10

The nature of bank system sustainability is researched. Taking into account a considerable instability of economic development in Ukraine and accelerated changes in the structure of its socio-economic environment, the features of maintaining the sustainable economy development in general and bank system in particular are outlined. In the process of analysis of major parameters of domestic bank system’s functioning the authors confirm that the fall in bank sector activity and its reliability as well as an absence of predicated development trends are among the main reasons of crisis phenomena in economy. The impact of the defined parameters on maintenance of bank system sustainability is determined. Indeed, bank sector is the component of economic system and has a direct impact on real sector, therefore, credit opportunities and restoration of its development paces depend on sustainability of bank system. Domestic bank system had experienced difficulties with maintenance of stability and reliability even before crisis, so the crisis only contributed to existing latent problems. Therefore, one of the major tasks to be solved by regulating authorities is conducting of complex structural reforms based on anti-crisis mechanisms of banks system stability restoration. The nature of bank system’s anti-crisis regulation is defined and its role in conditions of financial instability is revealed. Anti-crisis programs of bank sector development help timely detection, prevention and elimination of risks and crisis phenomena in bank activity. Major activities in terms of anti-crisis regulation of bank system in conditions of global instability are outlined. In order to restore the sustainability of bank system it is necessary to perform strict control for targeted use of refinanced loans, to continue the process of bank institutions’ recapitalization and to raise the level of clients’ deposits protection in terms of change of priorities from the banned early withdrawal of deposits to guaranteeing of repayment of all depositors’ money on part of regulator. These measures will contribute to the country’s overcoming of internal misbalances and minimizing of financial stabilization risks. 
bank system, bank system sustainability, crisis, crisis phenomena, anti-crisis regulation, monetary policy, bank system strategies 

UDC 336.2; JEL H61, H79, O23
Radelytskyy, Yu. O., & Kvasniy, O. R. (2018). Mistsevi byudzhety v umovakh detsentralizatsiyi: teoretychni aspekty [Local budgets interms of decentralization: theoretical aspects]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 147-153). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 7

The article presents a theoretical study of formation of the system of local budgets as the basis for implementation of local self-government at various stages of development of Ukraine. Periodization of development of the system of local budgets at the territory of Ukraine is carried out. The peculiarities of formation of local budgets of the Ukrainian SSR are investigated. The influence of development of local budgets of the USSR on formation of the budget system of an independent Ukrainian state has been characterized. The main stages of development of local budgets during the period of existence of independent Ukraine are determined. Current structure of the budgetary system of Ukraine is presented and the place and role of local budgets in this system are determined. The interpretation of the concept of «local budgets» by domestic scientists engaged in the research of this category is given. The features of interpretation of the concept by economists of different time periods and states are determined. It is substantiated that the analysis of scientific approaches to the definition of the concept of «local budgets» emphasizes its system and the need for a comprehensive review. The approach of the definition of local budgets as a system of economic relations was proposed due to the fact that the study of relations between the subjects of the budget process at the local level contributes to a better understanding of economic content of the budget and definition of its role in redistributive processes. Such relationships are proposed to be considered in three forms: organizational, economic and financial, and socio-political. The main features of local budgets are given. Clearly defined structure and peculiarities of the relationship between budgets of different levels are ensured by the interdependence and unity of construction of the system of internal budget relations and forms of state and administrative-territorial organization; ability of the state to ensure effective influence on the process of formation of inter-budgetary relations, interterritorial distribution of social product, regulation of economic relations and proportions of production and economic potential in different territories through the use of different methods and coercion levers. The main functions of local budgets are described: accumulative, distributive, regulatory, accounting, stabilization, control and independence functions. Attention is focused on the peculiarities of development of the system of local budgets in Ukraine on the basis of the norms of the Law of Ukraine «About Local Self-Government»: independence within the legislative framework and balance. The study of the peculiarities of legislative definition of the category «local budget» has been carried out, the legislative and regulatory acts, which are the basis for functioning and development of local budgets, are listed. The norms of the Budget Code of Ukraine within the framework of definition of rights are characterized and attention is focused on the issues of influence of decentralization processes on development of local budgets. The main legislative innovations in the issues of formation and implementation of local budgets in Ukraine after 2014 are outlined. 
local budgets, features of local budgets, local self-government, administrative-territorial reform, decentralization 

World Economy and Foreign Economic Relations

UDC 378.091:005.336.1(438); JEL H52, I28, K39
Cwiakala-Malys, A., Malys, K., & Durbajlo-Mrowiec, M. (2018). Efektyvnist' derzhavnykh universytetiv Pol'shchi v umovakh zminy zakonodavstva pro vyshchu osvitu [Efficiency of public universities in Poland in the face of changes in the act on higher education]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 154-158). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 7

Implementing a reform of higher education, colloquially named as “Constitution for science” carries certain information needs in the area of creating new strategic management of a public university and determining its organizational structure. Efficiency and productivity of higher education in Poland and worldwide inseparably connect with problems of the way of financing and control of source spending. An amendment of a Regulation of a Minister of Science and Higher Education of a way of sharing the grants from a state budget for public and non-public universities in December 2016 which was a sign of changes in the attitude of executing tasks imposed on universities resulted in adjustment processes of public universities and posed questions again: how to manage a university and which managing model is the most effective for a specific university? Both “pro-quality” approach and potential organizational internal changes of universities will cause a necessity of different attitude towards a way of providing information for management decisions. When retaining basic functional aims a controlling approach will play a prominent part at public universities. It is connected with fast development of IT systems implemented at public universities (“one-base” systems of information management) and also with a requirement of more effective management of public funds. Preparation of functional models conditions of public universities adequate to changes becomes one of major tasks and challenges that Polish universities have to face. In this article data from a chosen public university of economic profile was used. 
higher education reform, distribution of state budget funds between universities, university activity efficiency, information system of the public university 

UDC 339.942; JEL F02, F15
Zapukhlyak, V. Z. (2018). Hlobal'na rehionalizatsiya u formuvanni novoho svitovoho ekonomichnoho poryadku [Global regionalization in forming of new global economic order]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 159-164). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 22

The paper shows the role of regionalization processes in forming of global economic order, when there is the need for functioning of global multi-level system of cooperation of its participants. The author emphasizes that the new imperatives of forming of global economic order emerge in the system of economic relations, stipulated by structure changes and functional changes of major «actors» in global space and crisis in global management. Transformation of the system of international relations and global order is proven to take place under diverging influence of globalization and regionalization. The major features of global regionalization are the following: available spatial factors, supranational nature, available transnational networks. Theoretical approaches to understanding of global regionalization are outlined and regionalization is confirmed to display regional structuring of global space at global level. The author determines the differences of new regionalism, when humanity is shifting from the closed regional integration groupings. At the same time, creation of joint institutions and the system of multi-level management stipulates the trans- or supranational management. In spatial dimension we can observe the regional inequality of countries’ participation in global economic processes. The features of countries’ cooperation in the format «North-South» are outlined, noting different integration motives for each of the groups. For example, both economic and political factors are important for the North countries; for certain countries the recognition of their status is important in the process of integration. Despite dominating positions of the USA as a leader, the new entrepreneurship and production culture is being formed, which includes regional identity and socio-cultural differences. At the same time, special attention is paid to the possibilities of emergence of conflict situations in certain regions in the world because of inconsistent interests, contributing to unstable processes of regional integration in the regions of the world and undermining established links of regions with trade and investment partners. The authors explain that in conditions of forming of new economic order the leadership should be established nor through enforcement, but rather through agreement of all members of global community; a leader should attract other participants of global cooperation based on the interests of the whole global community – in such a way the alternative models of regional cooperation are developed. The fact that global regionalization results in emergence of global regions as a segment of global space, which provides cooperation of countries, business and public society at multilateral basis for solution of global problems is proven. 
globalization, regionalization, global regionalization, economic integration, integration groupings, new global economic order 

Economics and Business Management

UDC 351; JEL D50, G30, M21
Zherebylo, I. V., & Kozmuk, N. I. (2018). Teoretychni aspekty sotsial'no-ekonomichnoyi bezpeky v sferi pidpryyemnytstva [Theoretical aspects of socio-economic safety in the field of enterprise]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 165-168). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 11

The article examines the nature of bilateral cooperation between entrepreneurship and security. On the one hand, security is an element of the business infrastructure necessary for its successful operation and development. On the other hand, it is an area of entrepreneurial activity in the field of services, which in turn can be detailed into specific types of security services. The aspects of security threats were identified and classified, including the most important of them – economic and social. The economic aspect of security is to reduce the negative consequences for sustainable development of economic actors. The social aspect is to ensure social stability in society and the freedom to exercise constitutional rights of an individual. Accounting of economic and social aspects of security by the state is necessary for the fulfillment of tasks in the field of economic regulation and social policy. Irrationality of the thinking of individual businessmen, political instability in the state and inconsistency of the legal and regulatory framework for the conduct of entrepreneurial activity in the conditions of transition to new forms of public administration can generate a number of security problems in business, which, above all, exacerbate the problem of ensuring the state national security. The gradual development of Ukrainian economy in a market environment can be carried out only with the effective functioning of the infrastructure entrepreneurship of special units, whose activities are aimed at reducing various factors of the threat that impede the success of the business. Country experience with a developed market economy shows that prevention threats and elimination of their factors is today a necessary element of infrastructure development of entrepreneurial activity and forming of favorable business sector. The development of security as an area of entrepreneurship led to two interconnected factors. First, the activation of various threat factors in the sectors of national economy has led to growth demand for services to prevent them. Secondly, the regulations adopted in recent years by the state establish the legal framework of entrepreneurial activity in the field of security. At the same time, there are a number of factors, which impede the further successful provision of industry needs of national economy for security services. The most important among them is the non-compliance of the existing organizational and economic mechanism of entrepreneurship to the current requirements of the market economy in the field of security. 
safety, socio-economic security, entrepreneurial activity, economic development, risk factors, state 

UDC 658.14/.17; JEL M40, Z33
Nashkerska, M. M. (2018). Osoblyvosti analizu finansovoho stanu i rezul'tativ diyal'nosti turystychnoho pidpryyemstva [Peculiarities of the analysis of a tourist enterprise’s financial condition and performance results]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 169-173). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 3

The article deals with the major areas of the analysis of financial condition and performance results by reference to specific features of the tourist industry. The analysis and evaluation of the performance results of a tourist enterprise is suggested to be conducted in the following areas: operation analysis, analysis of resource potential, analysis of liquidity and financial sustainability, analysis of economic activity, as well as profitability analysis. The operation analysis of an enterprise includes the following indicators: the coefficient of change (growth rate) of net income from sales of products, the coefficient of change (growth rate) of the number of service users, the coefficient of change (growth rate) of the cost of services rendered, the coefficient of gross profit. The analysis of resource potential includes the calculation of indicators characterizing labour forces and non-current assets. The third group of indicators are indicators of liquidity that demonstrate the degree of financial responsibility of the enterprise for current debt, which is especially relevant for tourist enterprises. The liquidity of the tourist enterprise is offered to be evaluated on the basis of the calculation of the following indicators – working capital, quick asset ratio and absolute liquidity ratio. The dynamic development of an enterprise is evaluated on the basis of the indicators of economic activity, e.g. primarily indicators of payables and receivables turnover, as well as the asset turnover. While evaluating the performance results of a tourist company, it is expedient to calculate and analyze the following indicators of profitability: profitability of all assets, net profitability of equity, output profitability, profitability of separate types of services. Effective management decisions that will ensure a high profitability of business with minimal risk can be made based on timely and unbiased information on the demand behavior for tourist products of an enterprise, level of expenditure, the condition of settlement operations, liquidity and financial independence. 
performance result, financial condition, liquidity, profitability, economic activity, payables, receivables, assets, capital 

UDC 338.12; JEL D11, D40, G31
Fedyshyn, V. V. (2018). Osoblyvosti upravlinnya rozvytkom turystychnykh pidpryyemstv [Features of management of development of tourist enterprises]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 174-177). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 6

The main goal of the development of tourism enterprises is determined, the forms of development of tourism industry entities are identified, namely: Development through integration and diversification of activities, which are considered in several modifications, development due to global expansion (creation / capture of the market), by the conclusion of strategic alliances or joint ventures, development through organizational flexibility. The functioning of tourism enterprises in Ukraine in the modern conditions of their activity is described. The regulatory framework regulating the activities of tourism enterprises is studied. There are 10 main innovative components in the activities of tourism enterprises, namely: tourism product innovations, technological innovations, innovations in management, marketing innovations, innovations in logistics, institutional innovations, resource innovations, conceptual innovations.
Creating innovative a management system for the development of tourism enterprises really allows in today’s changing market conditions to take effective decisions to eliminate the negative effects of external and internal factors that restrain the innovative activities of tourism enterprises. 
tourism enterprises, management, innovation development, investment activity 

UDC 336.743:004.056.55; JEL L83, O31, O17
Biletska, I. M. (2018). Formuvannya instytutsional'noho zabezpechennya innovatsiynoho rozvytku turystychnykh pidpryyemstv [Forming of institutional maintenance of tourist enterprises’ innovative development]. In Sotsial'no-ekonomichni problemy suchasnoho periodu Ukrayiny [Socio-Economic Problems of the Modern Period of Ukraine]: Vol. 133 (5) (pp. 178-184). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 7

In the current conditions of economic development of the tourist industry, flexibility and mobility of the market situation, the pace of technological changes and the formation of institutional support for the innovative development of tourist enterprises is of particular importance. Efficient innovative activity and progressive innovative development of modern is carried out on system foundations of structural changes and transformations as well as the complex of instritutional maintenenace of the changes. The nature of institutional maintenance of tourist enterprises’ innovative development lies in creation and development of necessary innovative institutes at an enterprise, i.e. functional divisions on innovative activity, regulative provision of an enterprise that outlines normative, conceptual and legal foundations of enterprise’s and its employees’ innovative activity and defines the innovative strategy of tourist enterprise regarding the external environement and market. The purpose of the article is to study the principles of institutional development of tourist enterprises’ innovative development. In the article the essence of institutional provision of tourist enterprises’ innovative development is considered. Graphically, the structure and components of the institutional support of the tourist enterprises’ development on an innovative basis are depicted and characterized. The paper proves that the management of innovative development of a tourist enterprise is carried out using a set of methods and tools, which represent the means of realization of the set strategic and operational goals. The creation and development of organizational structures of innovation development management, with the definition of their functions, namely initiation, planning, organization, administration, coordination, motivation and control, is investigated. The basic principles of management of innovation development are defined: systemic, adaptive, dynamic, complexity, reactivity, alternative development, planning, subordination, consistency, balance of resource costs, efficiency, expediency, focus on the result. The description of methods of innovative development management is given: normative-legal, socio-psychological, administrative, economic, ideological methods of management of innovative development. The institutional support of innovative development, which involves making changes to the constituent documents of the enterprise, is highlighted. The complex of normative and legal support for the effective implementation of innovative processes and the provision of processes for the functioning of the enterprise innovation system, development, implementation and commercialization of innovations is considered. The principles of development of the program of innovative development of the tourist enterprise are considered. 
innovation development, tourism company, institutional support, management methods, regulatory and developmental framework, development program 

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